The Water Journal

The other day there was a photo doing rounds in social media on how unscrupulous people were filling up water bottles to sell as drinking water. People responded angrily with most suggesting that the crooks be traced and thrown to jail where they belong. None of the responses touched on the alternatives available for clean and safe drinking water.

And this made me ask myself if the people are truly aware of the simple and alternative ways of having clean and trusted water for use at home. When they condemn the water being filled in the pet bottles, are they aware that the water from their taps could be more lethal than even the water they were condemning. Does the color matter? What makes our water unsafe for use especially for drinking?

And this further reminded me of the many occasions I have had a discussion with my neighbors and even taken them through the water filtration systems that I use in my house. None of them has ever purchased a water filter for the 10 year period I have been selling water filters. Actually they tend to avoid my direction whenever they are carrying their refill water bottles either from or to the supermarket on a matter that touches on their health.

Hence begs the question, what makes water unsafe for drinking?

(The Photo as received in my social media accounts)

~~ARR~~ Journal No.001

Water is Soul of The earth.

Water can be described as a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance. Chemical? Yes! And Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bond. And any taste, odor or color in the water has simply been caused by the solvents and solubles in the water

Water exists in different forms; Rain, Fog, Clouds, Ice, Snow, Steam or Water Vapor; and moves continually through atmospheric circulation of evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff.

This water movement, also known as the hydro logical

cycle, describes the continuous circulation of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth. The mass of water on Earth remains fairly constant over time but the partitioning of the water into the major reservoirs of ice, freshwater, saline water and atmospheric water is variable depending on a wide range of climatic . The water moves from one reservoir to another, such as from river to ocean, or from the ocean to the atmosphere, and in doing so, the water goes through different forms: liquid, solid and vapor.

The water cycle involves the exchange of energy, which leads to temperature changes. When water evaporates, it takes up energy from its surroundings and cools the environment. When it condenses, it releases energy and warms the environment. These heat exchanges influence climate.

The evaporative phase of the cycle purifies water which then replenishes the land with freshwater. The water cycle is also essential for the maintenance of most life and ecosystems on the planet.

Water is essential for life. WATER IS SOUL OF THE EARTH

Fiber Membranes in Water Filtration

In the past years in Kenya, there have been cases of people contracting diseases from contaminated water. Hospitals always flock with patients suffering from diseases such as Cholera, Typhoid, amoebiasis and many other related diseases in different seasons of the year.

Different approaches in Kenya have been tested in addressing the issue but none has been so appealing in making this calamity a thing of the past.

Due to technological advancements, different apparatus and machines have been invented to help solve the conditions in the water used in different households and facilities. One of them has been water filtration using the fiber membrane. This has been a very unique form of acquiring clean and safe drinking water free from cysts, protozoa and other microbes from the water. From this, people can use their water without worrying about infectious contaminants.

This application has caused the rise of Village bucket filter. This bucket filter is a simple set up of water filtration system where one uses the village filter, fixed to a bucket. It has also been innovated and made easier to also filter the water that comes out of the taps with a connection known as a faucet system.

Key Features

1-micron absolute. No bacteria, protozoa, or cystsIt’s Simple. No Chemicals, No Construction, use any plastic bucket or plastic bottle, No Replacement Parts; even attach it to a spigot with hose threadsCost Efficient. One system provides clean and safe water for pennies a day over its lifetime.

Fast Flow. Supplies 1 liter every 2 minuteEasy Maintenance. Just back flush each useLong Lasting. With proper maintenance it can last many years for an entire familyDisaster Relief. Fast solution to a clean water needMeets and exceeds EPA standards. Removal of bacteria and protozoa is at a higher “log” rate than EPA standard


Saves TimeFast Flowrate for clean and safe waterSaves MoneyFewer trips to the Clinic; Less missing work or schoolSaves HealthNo more stomach ache and diarrhea; Nutrition Value of Food increases by 40%No more buying of water for the water dispensers


Being woken up by the morning breeze through the tiny opening presumed to be the window on the tin or paper house has been the daily routine for most of the people living in the slums. The lives of these people have been characterized by various challenges that are day to day hassles.

Poor sanitation, lack of clean and safe water for drinking, lack of food, poor shelters and living below a dollar a day makes it hard for them to improve their living standards. Regardless of all of this, the health state of the people in slums is likely to deteriorate as we approach a more modern and civilized nation in the future.

The healthiness and how hygienic an environment should be is shown by ways in which waste disposal have been managed, the setting up of water infrastructure, and self initiatives of the people living in an area.

On contrary, in korogocho, Mukuru kwa Njenga ,Kariobangi, Mathare, Kibera  among other slums in Kenya, the notion and practices are different.   Firstly, a people’s initiative to take responsibility of their own health is not there and if there is a motive, they have to cry for help. This is a notion that lags a nation behind and people need to know that it’s their lives and the little money they use for hospital bills should be reverted to school fees and other developmental activities.

Secondly, pollution is a human activity. Just disposing off any waste material; be it chemicals polythene products, and even food products in any way without proper management can course diseases spread especially the causative agents of such diseases. These practices should stop. They can only happen from own initiative, company’s/industry strategic plans for proper disposals; especially those directing the waste to the rivers. Re-cycling ought to be revisited.

Thirdly, to the local authorities and the governments, the engineers that lay down water pipes or the sanitation companies that also put up man holes and septic tanks near the water infrastructures. This is not right!  Why are these problems happening in slums? Responsibility still counts.

In our own environment starting from our houses, to our compounds and to the larger community, let’s make it a self initiative agenda to safeguard our lives at stake in terms of sanitation, hygiene and safe drinking water.

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